The flag of Afghanistan (د افغانستان بيرغ) consists of three equal vertical bands of black (hoist side), red, and green, with the national emblem in white centered on the red band. The national emblem has the inscription of the shahadah in Arabic at the top. Below it is the image of a mosque with a mihrab and minbar, or pulpit, within. Attached to the mosque are two flags of Afghanistan. Beneath the mosque is an inscription that states the name of the nation. Around the mosque are sheaves of wheat, and underneath that, the Hijri year 1298 (1919 in the Gregorian calendar), the year Afghanistan gained independence from the British influence.
Afghanistan flag description
Flag of Afghanistan
|Name||د افغانستان بيرغ|
|Adopted||August 19, 2013|
Afghanistan flag colors - meaning
Black symbolizes Afghanistan's troubled past
Red stands for the blood shed for Afghanistan's independence
Green symbolizes hope for the future, prosperity and represents Islam
National Emblem represents Islam and features a mosque with its mihrab (the niche which shows the direction to the Muslim Holy City of Mecca) and Minbar (the pulpit from which sermons are preached) flanked by two national flags of Afghanistan on either side; below the mosque are numerals for the Islamic calendar year 1298 (1919 in the Gregorian calendar, the year of Afghan independence from the UK); this central image is circled by a border consisting of sheaves of wheat on the left and right, in the upper-center is an Arabic inscription of the Shahada (Muslim creed) below which are the rays of the rising sun over the Takbir (Arabic expression meaning "God is great"), and at bottom center is a scroll bearing the name Afghanistan
Afghanistan flag history
The national flag of Afghanistan (د افغانستان بيرغ) consists of a vertical tricolor with the classical National Emblem in the center. The current flag was adopted on August 19, 2013, but many similar designs had been in use throughout most of the 20th century. The black color represents its troubled 19th century history as a protected state, the red color represents the blood fought for independence (specifically, the Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919), and the green represents hope and prosperity for the future. Afghanistan has had 26 different flags since the first flag when the Hotaki dynasty was established in 1709. During the 20th century alone, Afghanistan went through 19 different national flags, more than any other country during that time period, but most of them had the colors black, red, and green on them.
Afghanistan Flag history